Large pores on the face can be an invitation for dirt and bacteria to build up. For some this may be due to underlying issues such as acne or excess production of sebum. Skin type normally determines your pore size. But other factors such as quality of skin, environment and lifestyle play a part.
What Are Pores?
There are two types of pores – Oil and Sweat.
Oil pores are connected to what are called sebaceous glands. These produce the body’s natural oil, known as sebum. They are normally larger than sweat pores. When we talk about pores being clogged or filled with bacteria, we are talking about oil pores. Sweat pores on the other hand are tiny and can be found all over the body’s skin. When these become overactive you tend to suffer from excessive sweating.
Why do Pores Produce Oil?
Our body works in wonderful ways. The oil produced from the sebaceous glands work to keep the skin moisturised and healthy. Without this our skin would appear dry and cracked. For some however, there is too much production of this oil, which leads to the sebum being mixed with dead skin and clogging up the pores. As a result, skin tends to look greasy and is more likely to break out.
Though it may not be possible to completely get rid of these large pores, there are ways to reduce their size and ensure they are kept clean.
How to Reduce Pore Size on Your Face?
If you look at young healthy skin, you will notice the skin tends to be nice and smooth, has an even tone throughout and the pores are less noticeable. However as we age it becomes more difficult to manage and keep this up. But there are things you can implement in to your skin care regime that will help.
You must keep the skin clean! One of the reasons why pores on our face appear bigger compared to other parts of the body is because the sebaceous glands are more active on the skin of the face than say the legs. Clogged pores are the result of built-up of dirt and bacteria, not maintaining a good cleansing routine or too much sun exposure. This in turn stretches the holes and makes them bigger. Other skin problems such as acne, blackheads and pimples are likely to persist and get worse.
Correct Products – A really important but overlooked aspect of skin care is that you have to buy products that are for your skin type. If you have dry skin, buy cleansers and moisturisers for dry skin. If you have oily skin buy products suited for oily skin. For example, dry skin by its nature needs to be moisturised a lot more as the cream needs to absorb into the skin. With oily skin this is not the case. Here you would want something that is more lightweight as the skin is already producing a lot more of its own oil.
Remove Make-up – A good cleansing routine must be maintained, if like most women, you wear make-up. You may not realise, but when you apply dozens of products with a brush or pad, you are actually putting bacteria on to your face. This clogs up the skin causing all sorts of problems, not to mention bigger pores full of dirt. Therefore, always ensure you use clean make-up brushes and pads. You can even buy anti-bacterial brush cleaners which will disinfect your tools and even bring them back to life.
Secondly, it is vital before going to sleep that you remove all make-up. You should use a good make-up removing solution or anti bacterial wipes. Do not go to sleep with make-up on as that is the optimum time where the skin is busy trying to repair itself. It cannot do this if it is layered with make-up.
Exfoliate – Washing your face daily with a cleanser is good. However, a cleanser alone is not enough to really give you a deep clean. One of the reasons for the appearance of large pores is the build-up of dirt and bacteria. Therefore, by implementing a good face scrub into your cleansing regime you will clean the skin at a much deeper level. I recommend using a face scrub at least 2 to 3 times a week.
Steam your Face – Steaming your face once a week is a really effective way to keep your pores clean. The hot steam opens up the pores and allows easy extraction of dirt and bacteria when followed by using a cleanser or a face scrub. However, be careful not to over steam the face as it will dry out the skin and lead to more sebum being produced (the skin will try to create its own way of moisturising the skin). Once a week should be enough.
Tighten the Skin – This is a really good way to not only minimise the size of pores but to give your skin a matte finish as well. Applying a toner after washing your face will make the pores appear smaller and help prime the skin for other products. There are toners in the market that are specifically designed to tackle large pores. Look for a good quality one. Another good tip is to splash some cold water or rub ice cubes on the face after washing it. The pores will appear tightened as this method is known to work.
Facial Oils – I personally find this a very effective way to minimise the size of my pores. But it also adds glow to my skin. After washing and drying my face I use olive oil. This works wonders. It smoothens my skin, brightens the complexion and reduces pore size. It’s a very cheap and effective solution. You could use olive oil, almond oil or rose water. Just make sure it is natural and free from chemicals. Read the post ‘Is Olive Oil Good for Your Skin? If so, How?‘ to find out how olive oil benefits the skin in so many ways.
Share your own secrets on how to reduce pore size. Would love to get your feedback.